How to organize the week of classes in elementary school? Should there be class on Saturday mornings? Wednesday morning? Ministers of education are followed and give to these questions different answers.
Xavier Darcos, the Prime Minister of National Education of Nicolas Sarkozy, chose to remove the school on Saturday morning, passing twenty-six to twenty-four hours on hours of class per week. Today, for better respect the rhythms of the child’s learning, Vincent Peillon wishes to return Wednesday morning worked to further spread these twenty-four hours, with days of five and a half hours maximum, and half day pastrois not exceeding thirty.
The reform of school timetables has been variously received by teachers. According to a survey by the Snuipp-FSU, the main union of school teachers, and education institute Harris Interactive, they are a minority (35%) believe it is “Priority” from the action ( read the blog post “Grand amphi” on the subject). In Paris, nearly 80% of primary school teachers were on strike Tuesday, January 22 to protest against its implementation in September 2013 or 2014.
The elimination of Saturday morning in 2008, though criticized by union representatives and chronobiologists, did she, aroused no strike or demonstration. How this change had happened? Back in three acts on the transition to the four-day week in 2008.
Act I. The announcement
September 2007, this is the first school year of Nicolas Sarkozy, elected president a few months tt. In its program, not a word on a possible reform of school timetables. Only the promise of establishing “directed studies” and generate additional time for “sport and culture.”
While no teacher organization is formally requesting, Xavier Darcos, Minister of Education, said in an interview wish to Paris on September 3, “that the question is based on Saturday morning.” “I do not have a miracle solution, he says. Should examine the problem? Has not be set in two days.” Three days later, Nicolas Sarkozy decides in Latest News from Alsace for “the abolition of classes on Saturday mornings without delay on the other days of the week.”
“From the next academic year, anywhere in France in primary school, we do not work on Saturday morning, and then I hope, very soon, we can extend the system to college,” Darcos announced last September 27, 2007 20 hours of TF1.
Minister wants three hours paid “to be used for those who need it most”, that is to say 15% of students in very big trouble. “In the entire schedule of the week, the students will be supported by teachers to enable them to work in a much more sustained and personal way.” Saturday morning will be “family time.” For some children are not “left to fend for themselves,” the minister wishes “that we do the open school” and suggests that schools and municipalities offer cultural or sports activities.
Act II. The startup
A few weeks of summer holidays, May 15, 2008, the decree imposing the 4-day week in the next school year is published in the Official Journal.
Considerating they will not have time to organize the school care by the fall, the mayors expressed their discontent quickly. Jacques P??lissard, Mayor (UMP) to Lons-le-Saunier and president of the Association of Mayors of France (AMF) asks Darcos delaying reform.
For other reasons, specialists in educational matters begin to move this back to the four-day week. In an article in Le Monde dated May 29, Antoine Prost, education historian and former employee of the Socialist Minister of Education Alain Savary and Michel Rocard, denounced a “pedagogical Munich.” “The removal of two hours of class in the primary and the four-day week could (…) be irreversible,” he wrote. He denounced a “catastrophe” and “enterprise of deconstruction.” “The package is accomplished in general indifference. Munich was accompanied by a ‘relief loose.’ This loose consent announcement, too, a debacle.”
Read: An educational Munich by Antoine Prost
Teachers, union or educational specialists rhythms take over this forum. In June, an appeal entitled “Rhythms school to primary school: avoid disaster” is launched under the aegis of the journal Educational books. It re? Ilo a few months thousands of signatures.
But unlike what happens in 2012, no strike or demonstration is held to denounce the reform. In Le Monde, journalist and columnist Sandrine Blanchard wrote: “As parents, [teachers] are enjoying their new weekend and not one of their unions do not feel ready to apply for reinstatement of Saturday morning Besides the. subject has never caused any strike or demonstration. Yet … that is do we heard a few years ago [in 2002] when the mayor of Paris, Bertrand Delano?, wanted to switch on Saturday morning on Wednesday morning. Teachers were yelling, ensured he was unwise to touch the Saturday morning ‘special moment’ families to meet with students and review the work done during the week. ”
Act III. The September 2008
The four-day week is officially widespread. However, each municipality is free to distribute twenty-four hours a week over four days and four and a half days, with Wednesday morning worked. Only those who were already above their Saturday to Wednesday seem to have held on Wednesday morning, then finds Le Monde. At a press conference, Xavier Darcos ironic about some criticism that “two hours spread over a four-day week” would be a “complexity inou? E”.
In July 2011, the national conference on school timetables, meeting at the request of Education Minister Luc Chatel, recommends in its policy report (read the PDF). A “spreading of the week at least nine half- days, which, in elementary school, a half day extra three hours of instruction (Wednesday or Saturday). ” Luc Chatel has remained at the stage of observation.
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